The Writing Process

Middle School

6th grade
1. Use pre‐writing techniques to brainstorm ideas for writing

2. Revise drafts or writing to improve and clarify

3. Edit students' essays, especially checking for errors in capitalization and pronoun usage


4. Utilize rubrics to self‐evaluate writing


7th grade
1. Use graphic organizers and quick‐writes to prepare for writing assignments

2. Analyze prompts, in order to effectively respond to writing assignments


3. Begin considering the audience, purpose and form for writing assignments

4. In collaborative groups, revise drafts or writing to improve and clarify


5. Edit students' essays, especially checking for errors in capitalization and pronoun usage


6. Use common editing marks during the editing process


7. Utilize rubrics to self‐evaluate and peer evaluate work


8. Reflect on one's own writing to encourage continual growth


8th grade
1. Use varied strategies to prepare for and plan writing assignments


2. Budget and plan time to complete all steps of the writing process


3. Use feedback from readers to revise drafts


4. Edit students' essays, especially checking for word choice and voice


5. Utilize rubrics to self‐evaluate and peer evaluate work

High School

9th grade
1. Use organizational strategies and tools to aid in the development of essays

2. Understand and identify the audience, purpose and form for writing assignments

3. Revise drafts multiple times to improve and clarify

4. Edit students' essays, especially checking for transition words and errors in grammar, punctuation and comma usage

5. Use common editing marks during the editing process

6. Utilize rubrics to self‐evaluate and peer evaluate work, especially those similar to AP exam rubrics

7. Reflect on one's own writing to encourage continual growth

10th grade
1. Practice strategies for pre‐writing in response to various prompts for both timed writing and process writing

2. Analyzing a prompt for timed writing situations

3. Edit students' essays, especially checking for the usage of varied sentence types

4. Utilize rubrics to self‐evaluate and peer evaluate work, especially those similar to AP exam rubrics

11th grade
1. Organize, monitor progress, and effectively manage time requirements surrounding complex writing assignments

2. Analyze a prompt, distinguishing between writing under testing conditions and untimed situations

3. Revise drafts as necessary until all ideas are expressed in the best possible manner

4. Edit students' essays, especially checking for integration of quotes and citations

5. Use a variety of rubrics to grade essays, especially those used to grade essays for the SAT and other college admissions tests

6. Reflect on one's own writing to set future goals and/or determine next steps or needs as a writer

12th grade
1. Understand and identify the audience, purpose and form for writing assignments

2. Analyze complex college-level prompts and design arguments with fully developed claims and cited evidence

3. Edit students' essays, checking for professionalism in all aspects of writing

4. Use a variety of rubrics to grade essays, especially those used to grade essays for the SAT and other college admissions tests